Female fruit flies require protein to mature their eggs. Sugars in protein bait are also important for the fruit flies to survive and mature. Protein bait, therefore, is attractive to female and male fruit flies. When mixed at the recommended concentration with appropriate insecticides, they attract different species of fruit flies that attack fruits and vegetables.
This manual presents IPM practices that are recommended to be implemented by maize growers. The IPM practices will reduce damage caused by Fall armyworm, maize stemborers and Striga, increase maize yield, protect the environment, and safeguard human health – through reduced use of synthetic chemicals.